Shravana is the fifth month of the Hindu calendar. In India’s national civil calendar, Shravana is the fourth month of the Hindu year, beginning in late July from the first day of the full moon and ending in the third week of August, the day of the next full moon. In the Tamil calendar, it is known as Āvani and is the fifth month of the solar year. In lunar religious calendars, Shravana begins on the new moon and is the fourth month of the year. Srabon (Bengali: শ্রাবণ; also spelt Shravana ) is the fourth month of the Bengali calendar. This is also the 2nd month of Varsha (rainy) season.
The month of Shravana is very important for the entire sub-continent of India as it is connected to the arrival of the South-West monsoons. For many Hindus, the month of Shravana is a month of fasting. Many Hindus will fast every Monday to the Lord Shiva and/or every Tuesday to the Goddess Parvati. Fasting on Tuesdays of this month is known locally as “Mangala Gauri Vrat”.